Frank M. Snowden's Naples in the Time of Cholera, 1884-1911 PDF
By Frank M. Snowden
This can be a scientific and social background of Italy's greatest urban throughout the cholera epidemics of 1884 and 1910-11. It explores the standards that revealed Naples to chance; it examines such renowned responses as social hysteria, riots, and religiosity; and it strains healing thoughts. This booklet is the 1st prolonged examine of cholera in glossy Italy; it units Naples in a comparative foreign framework and relates the sickness to bigger historic matters, reminiscent of the character of liberal statecraft, the "southern question," mass emigration, geared up crime, and the clinical career.
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Additional resources for Naples in the Time of Cholera, 1884-1911
John Snow, who first unravelled the complex aetiology of cholera, explained in reference to London that, The bed linen nearly always becomes wetted by the cholera evacuations, and as these are devoid of the usual colour and odour, the hands of persons waiting on the patient become soiled without their knowing it; and unless these persons are scrupulously cleanly in their habits, and wash their hands before taking food, they must accidentally swallow some of the excretion, and leave some on the food they handle or prepare, which has to be eaten by the rest of the family, who, amongst the working classes, often have to take their meals in the sick room: hence the thousands of instances in which, amongst this class of the population, a case of cholera in one member of the family is followed by other cases57 The sick-room frequently served as a store-room for the provisions of a family or the wares of a street vendor, and in such cases it was difficult to ensure that the copious, clear evacuations of the patient never reached the produce.
30. 40. The largest single concentration of women consisted of the 2,400 cigar-makers, some as young as fourteen years of age, employed in the state-owned tobacco plant. 32 a day,89 they were supervised by an all-male corps of foremen and directors, and they suffered especially harsh conditions. '90 The tobacco workers were the only female factory operatives in Naples, partly because of the prevailing job segregation in the city and partly because the textile industry, which was the principal international employer of female industrial workers in western Europe at the time, did not exist within the walls of the city.
This practice was a direct means of spreading infection. Still more alarming to sanitarians were the consequences for the diet of the population. Shellfish - mussels, oysters and crabs - were abundant and inexpensive. They therefore formed a staple item in the diet of the city. 79 Thus conceived to meet the needs of an early modern city and improperly maintained thereafter, the sewers contributed liberally to the long Neapolitan history of epidemics. POVERTY Aberrant housing, impure water, an antique sewer system and deficient sanitation - these were four of the high-risk factors that exposed the people of Naples to the danger of epidemic disease.
Naples in the Time of Cholera, 1884-1911 by Frank M. Snowden