Read e-book online El gran mar: Una historia humana del Mediterráneo PDF
By David Abulafia
Este es sin duda el más ambicioso de los libros dedicados hasta hoy al pasado de ese «Gran Mar», que tiene en el nacimiento y evolución de las civilizaciones humanas un papel mayor y más importante que ningún otro. Sólo alguien de los angeles inmensa erudición de Abulafia podía revivir con tanta fuerza estos veinte mil años de relaciones entre comerciantes, piratas y misioneros, de ascensos y caídas de imperios y de culturas, de enfrentamientos religiosos, migraciones y genocidios. Abulafia nos lleva desde l. a. antigüedad, hasta los albores del siglo XXI, a través de un recorrido fascinante en el transcurso del cual conocemos las ciudades que sirvieron de escenario a esta historia y, sobre todo, los hombres que los angeles protagonizaron.
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Extra info for El gran mar: Una historia humana del Mediterráneo
Part of the rationale of this argument is that those who survive a period of high mortality tend to be more resistant on the whole and their mortality rates are likely to be abnormally low. Of the Nottingham death rate Professor Chambers wrote: It is not a question. of a steady decline under the influence of the ameliorating factors of diet and environment, but rather of a sudden and temporary plunge downwards as a result of the absence of a factor which had made the preceding period one of exceptionally high mortality, followed by a return almost to the death rates of the pre-epidemic period.
There is evidence that standards of food consumption deteriorated for the rural poor in the second half of the eighteenth century to a predominantly bread and cheese diet because' the system of enclosures had taken away their pasturage and the land where they collected the fuel for cooking their hot meals'. 1 At the same time their opportunities for adding to their larder by trapping or snaring or fishing were reduced, for on the enclosed lands landowners invoked savage game-laws and protected their preserves with man-traps and spring-guns.
2 Most of the new methods could not be effectively introduced on the open fields, which it took the enclosure movement of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries to eliminate from the English farming scene, and they had to be adapted to local soil conditions. It took until the 1820's before the Rotherham plough, which has been described as 'the greatest improvement in plough design since late Iron age and Romano-British times', could work in most districts better than 1 2 R. Nurkse, Problems of Capital Formation in Underdeveloped Countries (1953), p.
El gran mar: Una historia humana del Mediterráneo by David Abulafia