Download PDF by Jean-Paul Sartre: Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology
By Jean-Paul Sartre
Born in Paris in 1905, Sartre was once a professor of philosophy while he joined the French military on the outbreak of worldwide warfare II. Captured by means of the Germans, he was once published, after approximately a 12 months, in 1941. He instantly joined the French resistance as a journalist. within the postwar period Jean-Paul Sartre - thinker, critic, novelist, and dramatist - grew to become the most influential males of this century. He died in Paris in 1980.
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Extra info for Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology
There is no question about the fact that Sartre throws the whole weight of being over onto the side of the In-itself, but in terms of significance and activity it is the For-itself which is responsible for everything—even though it could not be without the In-itself. While the comparison is admittedly a bit far-fetched, I can not help being reminded in this connection of Schopenhauer’s Reason, which created by the Will turns back upon the Will to deny it. As I pointed out above, Sartre criticizes Heidegger for restricting his experience of Nothingness to special crises and ignoring the host of everyday situations in which it figures.
The logical arguments focus on three problems: (1) Is the idea of God as a Creator self-consistent and does this leave any room for human freedom? (2) Is there an inconsistency in the view of God as Causa Sui? (3) Can God exist outside a totality? In considering the concept of God as the Creator, Sartre uses artistic creation as a parallel. The book which I write emanates from me, but once created, it is in a sense no longer mine. I can not control what use is made of it or what people may think that it says to them.
Existence, liberated, detached, floods over me. I exist. “I exist. It’s sweet, so sweet, so slow. And light: you’d think it floated all by itself. It stirs. It brushes by me, melts and vanishes. Gently, gently. There is bubbling water in my mouth. I swallow. It slides down my throat, it caresses me—and now it comes up again into my mouth. For ever I shall have a little pool of whitish water in my mouth—lying low—grazing my tongue. And this pool is still me. And the tongue. ” (p. 134) In Being and Nothingness Sartre, probably fortunately, is not so much concerned with the sensations by which our facticity is revealed to us.
Being and Nothingness: An Essay on Phenomenological Ontology by Jean-Paul Sartre