Download PDF by George J. Sanchez: Becoming Mexican American: Ethnicity, Culture and Identity
By George J. Sanchez
Twentieth-century la has been the locus of 1 of the main profound and complicated interactions among variation cultures in American historical past. but this examine is one of the first to ascertain the connection among ethnicity and id one of the biggest immigrant workforce to that urban. by means of concentrating on Mexican immigrants to la from 1900 to 1945, George J. Sánchez explores the method wherein transitority sojourners altered their orientation to that of everlasting citizens, thereby laying the basis for a brand new Mexican-American tradition. interpreting not just formal courses geared toward those rookies through the USA and Mexico, but in addition the realm created via those immigrants via relations networks, non secular perform, musical leisure, and paintings and intake styles, Sánchez uncovers the artistic methods Mexicans tailored their tradition to lifestyles within the usa. whilst a proper repatriation crusade driven hundreds of thousands to come to Mexico, these closing in la introduced new campaigns to achieve civil rights as ethnic americans via hard work unions and New Deal politics. The immigrant iteration, consequently, laid the basis for the rising Mexican-American id in their childrens.
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Extra resources for Becoming Mexican American: Ethnicity, Culture and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles, 1900-1945
7 The pull factors represented by a burgeoning southwestern economy and a federal government willing to allow undocumented migration through a policy of benign neglect were factors which contributed to mass migration across the border during the early years of the twentieth century. But there were complicated "push" factors as well. Changes in the Mexican economy under the thirty-five-year dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz were perhaps even more important than American industrial development in bringing Mexicans to the United States.
Some Mexican intellectuals referred to this uprooting of culture as the "Americanization" of Mexico. Yet despite such dissent, most of the Mexican elite welcomed the sudden appearance of American and European goods into the middleclass markets of Mexico City and other regional centers. Many claimed that this process would lift the largely Indian nation out of its "traditional backwardness" and pull Mexico into the twentieth century. Farewell Homeland 23 Such attitudes were reflected in legislation passed by several states banning the pantalon, the traditional baggy cotton pants worn by the men of the central plateau.
As Carlos and his brothers grew older, they learned to plant corn and other grains, using old plows that had been passed from generation to generation. Farm work completely occupied their lives. With the help of her sons, who had been propelled by misfortune into early manhood, Senora Almazan gradually managed to stabilize her economic situation after the difficult decade following her husband's death. But Carlos, now a teenager, grew restless. Tired of the backbreaking work in the fields, he decided to go to Mexico City.
Becoming Mexican American: Ethnicity, Culture and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles, 1900-1945 by George J. Sanchez