Download PDF by Matthew Feldman, Ulrika Maude: Beckett and Phenomenology (Continuum Literary Studies)
By Matthew Feldman, Ulrika Maude
Existentialism and poststructuralism have supplied the 2 major theoretical techniques to Samuel Beckett's paintings. those influential philosophical activities, besides the fact that, owe a superb debt to the phenomenological culture.
This quantity, with contributions by means of significant overseas students, examines the exceptional in Beckett's literary worlds, evaluating and contrasting his writing with key figures together with Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. It advances an research of hitherto unexplored phenomenological issues, corresponding to nausea, immaturity and sleep, in Beckett's paintings. via an exploration of particular thinkers and Beckett's personal inventive strategy, it deals the 1st sustained and finished account of Beckettian phenomenology.
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Extra resources for Beckett and Phenomenology (Continuum Literary Studies)
Concerning the relationship of the simulacrum to the real object, and of pure thought to the simulacrum . . Husserl freed the psychic world of a weighty burden and eliminated almost all the difficulties that clouded the classical problem of the relations of images to thoughts. Husserl did not stop there with his suggestions, however. In effect, if an image is but a name for a certain way in which consciousness takes aim on its object, nothing prevents us from aligning physical images (paintings, drawings, photographs) with images termed ‘psychic’.
Husserl 1962: 7–8, 11) That said, in line with Karl Marx’s rejection of ‘Marxism’ later in life—evocative of another Marx’s (this one admired by Beckett: Groucho) refusal to join any group that would have him as a member—Husserl, following his retirement, ‘declared himself the greatest enemy of the so-called “phenomenological movement” ’ (Moran 2000: 2–3). 7) As Ricoeur suggested, phenomenology has followed a trajectory of Husserlian heresies (see Introduction, p. 3). The religious terminology is surely apt if we consider that Husserl’s final work, The Crisis of European Sciences, viewed phenomenological approaches to the world as akin to a Damascene conversion: ‘Perhaps it will even become manifest that the total phenomenological attitude and the epoché belonging to it are destined in essence to effect, at first, a complete personal transformation, comparable in the beginning to a religious conversion’ (cited in Macdonald 2000: 15).
Over the 16 volumes of Remembrance of Things Past, argues a highly reflexive Beckett, Proust achieves this feat through effecting the breakdown of Habit through artistic experience: ‘When the subject is exempt from the will the object is exempt from causality (Time and Space taken together) and this human vegetation is purified in the transcendental apperception that can capture the Model, the Idea, the Thing in itself’. As this excerpt suggests, in saluting Proust’s literary impressionism, ‘his non-logical statement of phenomena in the order of their perception, before they have been distorted into intelligibility’, Beckett again seeks philosophical support, this time from Schopenhauer’s first volume of The World as Will and Representation (Beckett 2006: 550–2).
Beckett and Phenomenology (Continuum Literary Studies) by Matthew Feldman, Ulrika Maude