Bad Kids: Race and the Transformation of the Juvenile Court - download pdf or read online
By Barry C. Feld
Written by means of a number one student of minor justice, this booklet examines the social and felony adjustments that experience reworked the juvenile courtroom within the final 3 many years from a nominally rehabilitative welfare employer right into a scaled-down legal courtroom for younger offenders. It explores the complicated dating among race and adolescence crime to give an explanation for either the ultimate courtroom judgements to supply delinquents with procedural justice and the newer political impetus to "get tricky" on younger offenders. This provocative publication may be worthwhile examining for legal and juvenile justice students, sociologists, legislators, and juvenile justice team of workers.
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Written through a number one student of teenybopper justice, this booklet examines the social and criminal adjustments that experience reworked the juvenile courtroom within the final 3 a long time from a nominally rehabilitative welfare corporation right into a scaled-down felony courtroom for younger offenders. It explores the advanced dating among race and adolescence crime to provide an explanation for either the ultimate courtroom judgements to supply delinquents with procedural justice and the newer political impetus to "get tricky" on younger offenders.
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Additional info for Bad Kids: Race and the Transformation of the Juvenile Court (Studies in Crime and Public Policy)
Full economic integration of young people probably occurred by early puberty, when young people began to perform adult work. Apprenticeship trained and educated younger workers, added to the skilled workforce, and functioned as a system of social welfare and social control. Colonists placed out orphaned, wayward, destitute, or dependent children and integrated them into the family economy of their masters. Thus, even when young people left their own parental home, they lived in their master's home or in some other family's household, which maintained accountability and provided stability.
The conception of childhood as a developmental process placed a greater responsibility on mothers, especially in the middle and upper classes, to provide a proper family environment and to supervise their children's moral and social development and natural unfolding into adults. The "cult of true womanhood" provided an idealized version of women's roles and defined them primarily in terms of domestic functions (Berger and Berger 1984). With the separation of work from the home, "the doctrine of separate spheres" viewed men's and women's domains as separate, intrinsically different, and hostile.
The] awareness of the particular nature of childhood.... which distinguishes the child from the adult was lacking" (1962:128). The idea of childhood differs from that of children; the former implies a cultural abstraction while the latter connotes a physical or developmental status (Archard 1993). According to Aries (1962), the Middle Ages lacked a modern concept of childhood, one marked by a degree of age segregation between the worlds of children and adults. As evidence of the relative absence of social age grading, for example, historians note that premodern people neither knew their ages nor celebrated their birthdays (Kett 1977; Postman 1994).
Bad Kids: Race and the Transformation of the Juvenile Court (Studies in Crime and Public Policy) by Barry C. Feld