Don Weatherburn's Arresting incarceration : pathways out of Indigenous PDF
By Don Weatherburn
Despite sweeping reforms through the Keating executive following the 1991 Royal fee into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody, the speed of Indigenous imprisonment has soared. What has long past incorrect? In Arresting incarceration, Dr Don Weatherburn charts the occasions that ended in royal fee. He additionally argues that earlier efforts to lessen the variety of Aboriginal Australians in legal have did not accurately handle the underlying explanations of Indigenous involvement in violent crime; specifically drug and alcohol abuse, baby forget and abuse, terrible university functionality and unemployment. Read more...
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Additional info for Arresting incarceration : pathways out of Indigenous imprisonment
If the Commission’s analysis of the causes of Aboriginal imprisonment was wrong or incomplete, it was likely the consequent policy response would be wrong as well. The Commission faced significant challenges in finding a satisfactory explanation for Aboriginal over-representation in the criminal justice system. At the time the Commission began its hearings, there were no national data archives on rates of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal involvement in various types of crime, or on rates of arrest, bail refusal, diversion from prison or recidivism.
Between 1994 and 2000 in Western Australia, for example, hospital admission rates for Aboriginal males for all drug-related conditions (other than alcohol and tobacco) went from below 40 29 ARRESTING INCARCERATION per 10,000 person-years7 to nearly 80 per 100,000 person-years. The West Australian Aboriginal female hospitalisation rate for drug-related conditions (other than alcohol and tobacco) more than doubled over the same period. Although only a proportion of these admissions related specifically to opioid use, admissions for opioid-related conditions contributed to the increase (Gray et al.
Illegal drug use might have started as a non-Indigenous problem but it soon made its way into Aboriginal communities. As early as 1985, the Redfern Aboriginal Medical Service began expressing concern to federal health authorities about ‘the influx of heroin into the Redfern Community and the news of its spread to country areas’ (Department of Health and Aging 1989, Appendix 10, p. 1). Morgan and Sleigh (cited in Degenhardt, Hall & Collins 2004) also reported a rapid increase in heroin use in Redfern from the early 1980s.
Arresting incarceration : pathways out of Indigenous imprisonment by Don Weatherburn