Animal Cruelty, Antisocial Behaviour, and Aggression: More by Eleonora Gullone (auth.) PDF

By Eleonora Gullone (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1137284544

ISBN-13: 9781137284549

ISBN-10: 1349316156

ISBN-13: 9781349316151

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Additional info for Animal Cruelty, Antisocial Behaviour, and Aggression: More than a Link

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Destroying the victim’s property) can also constitute aggression (Anderson, 2002). It is worth noting the consistencies between the definitions of aggression and animal cruelty. , 2006), has been considered problematic (Loeber & Hay, 1997). As stated by Dishion et al. (1995), “The obvious difficulty with intention as a definitional component of antisocial behaviour is the black box problem. ” (p. 421). Intent to harm is difficult to prove and easy to deny (Loeber & Hay, 1997). It is also a problematic criterion when investigating aggression in children (Gendreau & Archer, 2005), and problematic in cases of indirect aggression where the perpetrator is motivated to conceal his or her actions.

Included are considerations of overt physical aggression, lack of concern for the feelings of others, sensation-seeking or risk-taking behaviours, and non-conformity or disregard for the rules of society or social institutions. However, whilst each is certainly a characteristic of certain antisocial behaviours, none is a characteristic of them all. At the end of his deliberations, Rutter comes no closer to a cohesive conceptualization of the construct. One way of dealing with this issue as adopted by Dodge and colleagues (2006) is not only to acknowledge the conceptual and empirical overlap between antisocial behaviour and aggressive behaviour but to also identify the differences.

Thus, considering the identified differentiating dimensions of aggressive behaviour to classify distinct subtypes can result in unnecessary conceptual and empirical confusion and problems. For example, Anderson and Huesmann (2003) have noted that instrumental aggression can also include hostile affect as is true for hostile aggression. It is also possible for some proactive aggression to be distinctly emotional. Moreover, frequent engagement in aggressive acts promotes automatic and non-conscious processing such that instrumental consideration of potential consequences can occur without awareness (Bargh & Pietromonaco, 1982; Schneider & Shiffrin, 1977).

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Animal Cruelty, Antisocial Behaviour, and Aggression: More than a Link by Eleonora Gullone (auth.)

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