New PDF release: Aids, Rhetoric, And Medical Knowledge

By Alex Preda

ISBN-10: 051108045X

ISBN-13: 9780511080456

Reading the formation of clinical wisdom in regards to the AIDS epidemic within the Eighties, Alex Preda highlights the metaphors, narratives, and classifications which framed clinical hypotheses concerning the nature of the infectious agent and its transmission. Preda compares those arguments with these utilized in the medical research of SARS. He demonstrates how medical wisdom approximately epidemics is formed through cultural narratives and different types of social proposal via an in depth evaluation of biomedical courses.

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It is simply an instrument 7 8 An overview of these is provided by Stephen Turner (1994). See for example Gary Becker’s (1986) account of social action from the viewpoint of rational choice. 32 AIDS, Rhetoric, and Medical Knowledge (or a kind of information warehouse) used in the process of tuning the beliefs and information of social actors. The character of texts as (more or less inert) objects or instruments is closely linked both to the distinction between their form (means of persuasion) and their content (information, intention), and to the capacity of the said content for establishing a one-to-one correspondence with external reality.

The form–content distinction implies that there are various forces at work in a text, some of which are concentrated on the informational or intentional content, others on the form. These forces can coexist in various combinations in a text and are like those at work in oral speech. But the notion of force itself, which is social and institutional in character, subverts the distinction between informational content and form. There are many situations – systematically explored by John Langshaw Austin (1976 [1962], 1970) in his speech act theory – where forces directed at the form of speech manage to achieve social actions by themselves.

What, then, do these operations look like? One answer has come from the rhetoric of science. , Schatzki, Knorr-Cetina, and von Savigny 2001). , Latour and Woolgar 1986; Knorr 1981; Woolgar 1988; Ashmore 1989) has questioned the traditional assumptions that there is a clear distinction between the content of a scientific theory (its logical structure) and the form in which it is expressed (its rhetoric as a literary genre) and that although the second is socially produced, the first is immune to interests, power, persuasion, or other social influences.

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Aids, Rhetoric, And Medical Knowledge by Alex Preda

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