Get African American Midwifery in the South: Dialogues of Birth, PDF

By Gertrude Jacinta Fraser

ISBN-10: 0674008529

ISBN-13: 9780674008526

Beginning on the flip of the century, such a lot African American midwives within the South have been steadily excluded from reproductive future health care. Gertrude Fraser indicates how physicians, public wellbeing and fitness group of workers, and nation legislators fixed a crusade ostensibly to enhance maternal and youngster future health, specially in rural parts. They introduced conventional midwives lower than the keep an eye on of a supervisory physique, and finally eradicated them. within the writings and courses produced through those physicians and public health and wellbeing officers, Fraser reveals a universe of rules approximately race, gender, the connection of medication to society, and the prestige of the South within the nationwide political and social economies. Fraser additionally reviews this event via dialogues of reminiscence. She interviews individuals of a rural Virginia African American group that integrated not only retired midwives and their descendants, yet an individual who lived via this variation in scientific care--especially the ladies who gave delivery at domestic attended by means of a midwife. She compares those narrations to these in modern scientific journals and public future health fabrics, researching contradictions and ambivalence: used to be the midwife a determine of disgrace or satisfaction? How did one distance oneself from what was once now thought of "superstitious" or "backward" and whilst recognize and take pride within the former unquestioned authority of those ideals and practices? In an incredible contribution to African American reviews and anthropology, African American Midwifery within the South brings new voices to the discourse at the hidden international of midwives and birthing.

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Additional info for African American Midwifery in the South: Dialogues of Birth, Race, and Memory

Example text

Besides lessons on hygiene and baby care, basic literacy and leadership skills were taught. Here is the account of one such institute: “The group leader is a source of help and pride to the supervisors and teachers at the institute. This office carries great prestige and is much coveted by the midwives . . This education of leadership Introduction 37 within the group, and thus to educate the whole strata, is an important part of the institute” (Willumson 1992, Appendix B). Midwives’ permit fees helped to fund these seminars.

Invariably, only after this initial passing up of the system and having been given the specific “facts” was I able to hear less expertly sanctioned testimonies. The shared themes of the narratives and life histories that were recounted to me, however, make me confident that this work describes how memory, history, and the present come together for the individuals with whom I spoke. Only with attention to the specifics of how individuals narrate their lives and the lives of their community can we come to a clear understanding of both the shared elements and the variations in African American culture and history in the United States.

When compared with whites, fewer than half the number of African Americans had completed four years of high school. I spent 1984–85 in Green River with subsequent visits for shorter periods of time. I participated in local community activities, went to funerals, visited with the sick, attended church, and taught as a substitute teacher. It was in these formal and informal settings that people learned of my presence and found out 18 Prologue about my interests. In a pattern that took hold after the first few months in the county, I usually had formal interviews with a tape recorder if it did not disturb the interviewee or intrude in our interaction.

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African American Midwifery in the South: Dialogues of Birth, Race, and Memory by Gertrude Jacinta Fraser

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