Advocating for English Learners: Selected Essays (Bilingual by James Crawford PDF
By James Crawford
A set of 18 essays addressing the coverage and politics of teaching English language freshmen. topics comprise demographic switch and its academic implications, American responses to language variety, public controversies over bilingual schooling, high-stakes trying out and its impression on English language novices, and the precarious prestige of language rights within the united states.
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Extra info for Advocating for English Learners: Selected Essays (Bilingual Education & Bilingualism)
Whatever the reason, Unz almost always got a free ride. Ad Hominem Attacks At the same time, there was a striking double standard when it came to examining the motives of each side. Unz was constantly slandering bilingual teachers, administrators, and researchers as an entrenched ‘bureaucracy’ that acted out of economic self-interest rather than a concern for kids. He insisted that you couldn’t believe anything educators said because they owed their jobs to the field. Of course, one could make such ad hominem charges against any profession trying to defend itself against external attacks.
Children soon get the message: Their mother tongue has low prestige in this country and so do its speakers. No wonder most of them shift to English as soon as they can. For the few who wish to continue studying the heritage language, ‘foreign’ language classrooms rarely meet their needs. A survey of biliterates in Southern California turned up frustrating memories of such instruction – for example, being criticized by teachers and classmates for speaking ‘substandard’ vernaculars, lacking familiarity with grammatical rules, or not knowing the conventions of formal writing (Tse, 2001).
Most of the subjects had, at one time or other, accepted the larger society’s negative stereotypes about their culture. But unlike many ethnic minority youth, they overcame these stigmas through the influence of families and friendship networks. Contact with rich print environments – through churches, cultural activities, or language brokering for their parents – also set them apart, laying a foundation for biliteracy in later years. One implication of this research is clear. Literacy in heritage languages depends heavily on access to reading materials, which are now in short supply.
Advocating for English Learners: Selected Essays (Bilingual Education & Bilingualism) by James Crawford