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By Murray Friedman, Albert D. Chernin
Because the early Sixties, a few 1.3 million Jews from the Soviet Union and its successor states have immigrated to the West, basically to Israel and the U.S.. principally because of the ingenious and skillful mobilization efforts of Jews and their pals in the course of the international this nice exodus had very important ramifications for US kin with the Soviet Union/Russia and Israel. additionally, the luck of yankee Jews in mounting and maintaining this lobbying attempt represented a coming of age for the group, which on a couple of a long time ahead of were not able to extricate thousands of Jews from Europe and the Nazis. This ebook, half heritage, half social gathering, combines essays by way of students with memoirs and primary hand money owed to chronicle this amazing rescue challenge.
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Additional info for A Second Exodus: The American Movement to Free Soviet Jews
Many feared that Stalin would deport and possibly exterminate Jews. One émigré remembered, “The public prosecution of the doctors was thought to be the first step of a planned pogrom. We heard that it would be followed by public outrage and then Jews would be sent to Birobidzhan. The trains were supposed to be ready for transportation, and there were rumors of a plan to shoot people and throw them into clay pits. Such talk was very common. ”16 Such deportations were not unprecedented under Stalin.
63 In mid-February 1964, Weinstein convened a meeting of the Presidents’ Conference, with AJCommittee in attendance as observers. He invited Rabbi Heschel to address the meeting. The Presidents’ Conference voted unanimously to convene a high-profile national assembly in Washington, out of which a new national body, the American Jewish Conference on Soviet Jewry, would be constituted. In light of the previous resistance, this unanimous action was a significant step. The American Jewish Committee agreed to participate as a member organization.
The high media visibility of the conference was important as a first step in launching the campaign. ” Thus they established the American Jewish Conference on Soviet Jewry to singlemindedly press the issue of Soviet Jewry by coordinating and using the resources of the network of national and community agencies of the American Jewish community. ” Their aim was “to mobilize public opinion into a worldwide moral force which will save the Jewish community from spiritual annihilation. ” The nature and extent of these unique disabilities were spelled out systematically and in depth in five background papers carefully prepared for the conference by several of the sponsoring agencies.
A Second Exodus: The American Movement to Free Soviet Jews by Murray Friedman, Albert D. Chernin