Download e-book for iPad: A Practical Guide to International Philanthropy by Jonathon R. Moore

By Jonathon R. Moore

ISBN-10: 0521116414

ISBN-13: 9780521116411

This booklet is a realistic advisor addressing the problems confronted by way of philanthropists trying to have interaction in overseas charitable actions and gives substitute techniques to conventional U.S.-based foundations. a good portion of the regulatory burdens dealing with U.S. inner most foundations derives from tax advantages to be had to donors below U.S. legislations. A charitable association needs to at the beginning qualify after which be maintained lower than a fancy regulatory regime. If a few or all of those tax merits are both unavailable or now not wanted, or if the tax benefits are outweighed by means of the burdens of regulatory compliance, foundations will be verified in overseas jurisdictions. Charitable actions can then be operated flexibly and privately outdoors the restrictions of the U.S. regulatory regime. For current inner most foundations, this booklet indicates concepts designed to hedge opposed to ever-increasing and intrusive law.

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Moreover, control of a private foundation usually remains with the donors, whereas a public charity is frequently governed by a more diverse board of directors or trustees, some of whom may be elected by members. Participation in a public charity – as a member or otherwise – is usually open to anyone contributing financial or other support. As discussed in Chapter 3, the characterization of an entity as a public charity gives rise to numerous tax benefits, both for the donors and for the entity itself.

Use of the charity’s assets for a private benefit – that is, to benefit a specific individual – therefore violates the fundamental charitable purpose. Unlike a private inurement, which typically benefits an insider of the charity, such as a significant contributor, an officer, or a board member, a private benefit occurs when the individual receiving benefits is not within the class of beneficiaries for which the charity is established. This is not to say that individuals cannot properly receive the benefits of charity; rather, for an individual properly to receive a charitable benefit, he or she must fall 1 An important exception is that such individuals may receive reasonable compensation for services rendered to or on behalf of the charity, where “reasonable” is determined by comparison with what other charities of comparable size pay their employees to perform similar duties.

5 billion to acquire large parcels of land in twenty-five so-called biodiversity hot spots. 4 percent of the earth’s land surface, they are said to claim more than 15 See John Elkington and Pamela Hartigan’s recent book, The Power of Unreasonable People: How Social Entrepreneurs Create Markets That Change the World (Harvard Business School Press, 2008). The book cites examples of social entrepreneurs creating dramatic goals and results, such as Sir Richard Branson’s Virgin Earth Challenge, which seeks to find a commercially viable technology that will remove 1 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere each year for ten years.

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