Read e-book online A Dictionary of Epidemiology PDF

By Miquel Porta

ISBN-10: 0199976732

ISBN-13: 9780199976737

This 6th variation of A Dictionary of Epidemiology -- the main up-to-date seeing that its inception -- displays the profound sizeable and methodological alterations that experience come to symbolize epidemiology and its linked disciplines. backed through the overseas Epidemiological organization, this e-book is still the fundamental reference for an individual learning or operating in epidemiology, biostatistics, public healthiness, medication, or the transforming into quantity healthiness sciences during which epidemiologic competency is now required.

More than simply a dictionary, this article is a vital guidebook to the kingdom of the technology. It bargains the most up-tp-date, authoritative definitions of phrases primary to biomedical and public well-being literature -- every thing from confounding and incidence rate to epigenetic inheritance and Number Needed to Treat. As epidemiology maintains to alter and develop, A Dictionary of Epidemiology will stay its e-book of list.

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See also developmental and life course epidemiology; thrifty phenotype hypothesis. accuracy 1. The degree to which a measurement or an estimate based on measurements represents the true value of the attribute that is being measured. Relative lack of error. 1,6,25,26 See also discriminatory accuracy; measurement, terminology of; precision; validity, measurement. 2. The ability of a diagnostic test to correctly classify the presence or absence of the target disorder. The diagnostic accuracy of a test is usually expressed by its sensitivity and specificity.

1,6,25,26 See also discriminatory accuracy; measurement, terminology of; precision; validity, measurement. 2. The ability of a diagnostic test to correctly classify the presence or absence of the target disorder. The diagnostic accuracy of a test is usually expressed by its sensitivity and specificity. 27,28 See also context; network; transmission of infection. acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (Syn: acquired immune deficiency syndrome) The late clinical stage of infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), recognized as a distinct syndrome in 1981.

See also random; correlation, nonsense. 83 association study 11 Atomistic fallacy (Syn: genetic association study) An approach commonly used in genetics and in genetic epidemiology to explore novel genetic markers associated with a particular trait or the risk of developing a particular condition. The frequency of alleles or genotypes is compared between cases with the disease or trait under investigation and a group of individuals without that disease or trait (controls). A difference between the two groups in the frequency of the genetic marker, variant, or polymorphism under test suggests that such marker may increase the likelihood of the condition or trait, or be in linkage desiquilibrium with a genetic characteristic which does.

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A Dictionary of Epidemiology by Miquel Porta


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